When Should a Trust Be Reviewed?
Life changes, and laws change too. The great trust created two decades ago may not be a good idea today and may no longer be suitable for you or your beneficiaries. As a general rule, you should review your estate plan and trust every other year, according to the article “Revisit trust on a regular basis” from the Santa Cruz Sentinel.
Start your Review of the Trust with the Table of Contents, if there is one. There should be language concerning “Successor Trustees.” Are the trustees you named still alive? Are they still part of your life, and do you still trust them? How are their money skills? If they don’t get along with the rest of the family, or if they have been embroiled in a series of petty disputes, they may not be appropriate to manage your trust. Don’t be afraid to make changes. Your estate planning attorney will know how to do this smoothly and properly.
Next, find the paragraph that discusses “Disposition on Death” or “Disposition on Death of Surviving Spouse.” Does it still make sense for your loved ones? Have any children or family members who are listed as receiving benefits died? Are any heirs disabled and receiving government benefits? Have any of your children developed addictions, problems handling money, married people you don’t trust, or are preparing to divorce their spouses? Changes can be made to protect your children from themselves and from others in their lives.
Look for a “Schedule of Trust Assets” When Reviewing Your Trust. When was the last time this was updated? If you’ve moved and the trust still lists your last residence, you need to change it. Is your new home in the trust? Are retirement accounts correctly listed? Do you have new assets you’ve never placed in the trust? This is a common, and costly, oversight.
If married, how does the trust address what occurs between the death of the first spouse and the surviving spouse? Do you have an A/B trust to divide everything between a Survivor’s Trust and a Bypass Trust or Exemption Trust? Maybe you don’t need or want an A/B trust anymore. Talk with your estate planning attorney to be sure this is structured properly for your life right now.
When Reviewing the Trust ask yourself “How is my health?” If you or a spouse are in a nursing home or if one of you is ill and likely to needs nursing home care, it may be time to start planning for a Medicaid Asset Protection Trust. Your trust may be converted from a revocable trust into an irrevocable trust to protect your assets and qualify for medicaid long-term care benefits. Medicaid is a means tested program, so qualification is not guaranteed. It may take at least five (5) years to become qualified. So forward thinking and preparation (as well as a good estate planning attorney) is necessary.
While you’re reviewing your trusts, trustees and beneficiaries, don’t forget to review the people named as beneficiaries for your retirement accounts and life insurance policies. These should be reviewed regularly as well.
Reviewing your trust and estate plan on a regular basis is just as necessary as an annual physical. Leaving your accumulated assets unprotected is easily fixed, while you are alive and well.
If you liked this article, “When Should a Trust Be Reviewed?” read these other articles: Does a Trust Protect You From a Lawsuit? and Will I Be Ready for Long-Term Care? and What to Do with an Inherited IRA? and Handling Guilt When Moving Loved One to Assisted Living Versus Nursing Home
Reference: Santa Cruz Sentinel (Nov. 20, 2021) “Revisit trust on a regular basis”