Do I Get Ex’s 401(k) because I Was Named the Beneficiary?
Whether an ex who was named the beneficiary on their former spouse’s 401(k) will inherit may depend on the couple’s divorce agreement.
This type of question emphasizes how critical it is to update estate planning documents and beneficiary designations after a divorce.
Nj.com’s recent article entitled “Do I have a right to my ex-husband’s 401(k) plan?” says that this question also illustrates the importance of having a well-drafted and thorough divorce settlement agreement, one that details the rights and obligations of each spouse after divorce.
A comprehensive divorce agreement and timely modifications to wills and account beneficiary designations can eliminate any issues concerning the rights of a former spouse about the other’s retirement assets.
If there’s a governing instrument, like a marital settlement agreement and/or a Qualified Domestic Relations Order (QDRO), the terms of that governing instrument will be controlling.
A divorce decree or settlement agreement should specify the rights of each spouse to any retirement assets held by the other. If the decree or settlement agreement provides for one spouse’s interest in the other’s retirement asset, the death of the other spouse shouldn’t, by itself, extinguish that interest.
If the retirement asset is a 401(k), a QDRO would likely have been required post-divorce to secure the interest of the receiving former spouse. After this is prepared and filed with the court, the QDRO would be forwarded to the plan administrator of the retirement account for implementation and distribution to the former spouse.
However, if there’s no divorce decree, agreement or QDRO confirming the interest of a former spouse in the other’s retirement asset, the former spouse would likely not be successful trying to claim a portion of that asset—despite the fact that he or she is the named beneficiary. That’s because there’d be no governing instrument vesting him or her with the right to receive all or a portion of the asset.
BOOK A CALL with me, Ted Vicknair, Board Certified Estate Planning and Administration Specialist, Board Certified Tax Law Specialist, and CPA to learn more about estate planning, incapacity planning, and asset protection.
If you liked this article, “Do I Get Ex’s 401(k) because I Was Named the Beneficiary?” read these additional articles: What Does an Elder Law Attorney Do? and Why Did ‘The Boss’ Sell His Music Catalog? and Should I Get a Medical Alert System? and What If I Become a Sudden Caregiver for a Senior?
Reference: nj.com (Dec. 13, 2021) “Do I have a right to my ex-husband’s 401(k) plan?”